Desdobramentos do Ensino de Arte: um estudo de campo com adolescentes em situação de vulnerabilidade social - Effects of Art Teaching: a Field Study with Adolescents in Situations of Social Vulnerability

Ana Clara Solon Rufino

Affiliation: University of Amazon, Belém, Brazil

Keywords: Art Teaching, Social Vulnerability, Non-coercion, Interdisciplinarity, Personal and Social Development

Categories: News and Views, Humanities, Social Sciences and Law, Visual Arts, Architecture and Design

DOI: 10.17160/josha.11.2.962

Languages: Portuguese

Teaching art in the school context helps students develop their aesthetic perception and understand the role of art in society. Furthermore, it provides a space for exploring students’ creativity through practical activities that foster various forms of artistic expression. The objective of this study is to investigate how participation in a project with multiple artistic activities in both the school and external environments contributed to the personal and social development of the participants. To this end, the project “AniMais: A Tribute to the Amazon” was implemented in an interdisciplinary manner at Santa Luzia public school, located in the metropolitan region of Belém, in the state of Pará. The hypothesis is that a non-coercive environment contributes to the acquisition of positive personal and social outcomes. The activities took place between May and September 2022, initially within the context of the Art subject, involving canvas painting and the creation of minimalist poems, which were later exhibited at a Literary Fair at the school. Additionally, visits were made to the Emílio Goeldi Museum and the Mangal das Garças. The participants were divided into two groups: one consisting of eleven adolescents in situations of social vulnerability, who were students in an 8th-grade class of Middle School, and the other group consisted of adults, including seven teachers, five educational support technicians (ATEs), and two school administrators. Through online interviews with both groups, we investigated the effects of the adolescents’ participation in the project from external and individual perspectives. Data analysis from the interviews was conducted using content analysis methodology (Bardin, 2011). It was found that participants experienced different effects from the artistic works they created and the related practices, resulting in personal and social benefits, including impacts on the teaching and learning dynamics, ultimately leading to recognition and awards. This study represents advancements in the development of interventions tailored to the Amazonian reality, providing new perspectives for enhancing and implementing artistic activities that value the local wildlife and promote personal and social appreciation among those involved.

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